Advanced search
Last Updated: 2010/04/07
Summary of question
What is meant by Sidratul-Muntaha that the Quran has mentioned?
What is meant by Sidratul-Muntaha that the Quran has mentioned?
Concise answer

This question doesn’t have a brief answer. Please click on the detailed answer.

Detailed Answer

According to what experts of the Arabic language say, the word “Sidrah” means a tree full of leaves with a great shade, and the term “Sidratul-Muntaha” refers to the great tree full of leaves with a great shade located at the highest point of the ascension of the angels and the souls of the shuhada and the knowledge of the prophets and the actions of the people, a place where the Lord’s angels cannot pass, and even Jibra’il stopped at during the mi’raj of the prophet (pbuh).

Although the Quran hasn’t explained about Sidratul-Muntaha, it has been spoken of and described in Islamic traditions, all of them uncovering the truth that this term is merely a simile used because of the lack of words for describing such great realities.

In a hadith by the prophet (pbuh), it has been narrated that: “رایت علی کل ورقة من اوراقها ملکا قائما یسبح الله تعالی” meaning: “I saw an angel standing on each leaf praising Allah (swt).”[1] In another hadith it has been narrated that the prophet (pbuh) said: “انتهیت الی سدرة المنتهی، و اذا الورقة منها تظل امة من الامم”, meaning: “I reached the Sidratul-Muntaha and saw that under the shade of each leaf, there was a nation.”[2]

These phrases signify that the Sidratul-Muntaha isn't just any ordinary tree like the ones we see in this world, but refers to a great shade close to Allah (swt) in which has angels praise Him on the leaves of and nations of the good and righteous reside under.[3]

In the tafsir of Al-Mizan, it has been said about the Sidratul-Muntaha that: “As for what this tree is, we didn’t find anything in the Quran that says anything about it, and it seems as if Allah (swt) didn’t want to explain this part and intended to leave it unclear. The phrase “إذ یَغشی السدرة ما یغشی” (when what covers the Sidrah, covers it) confirms this claim, because in it something hidden and unclear is spoken of. In hadiths, Sidratul-Muntaha has been interpreted as a tree above the seventh heaven in which the actions of Allah’s (swt) servants go up till.[4]

[1] Tabarsi, Majma’ul-Bayan, under verse 14 of surah Najm, “عند سدرة المنتهی

[2] Nurul-Thaqalain, vol. 5, pg. 155.

[3] Tafsir Nemouneh, vol. 22, pg. 498.

[4] Seyyed Muhammad Husein Tabatabai, Al-Mizan (Farsi translation by Seyyed Mohammad Baqir Hamedani), vol. 19, pg. 49.

Question translations in other languages
Number of comments 0
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Thematic Category

Random questions

  • Was Ibn Arabi Shia or Sunni?
    12150 تاريخ بزرگان
    The complicated personality and his attitude towards different great personalities of different sects has made it difficult to determine what sect Ibn Arabi belonged to, thus there are different viewpoints on this issue. Some say he was Sunni, some say he was a twelve imamer Shia, some say ...
  • If Allah (awj) is omniscient, why does He need to test mankind?
    6080 Traditional
    As implied by the question, because Allah (awj) is omniscient, the purpose of His tests is not to unveil something hitherto unknown. Rather, the Qur`an and ahadith suggest that these tests serve two purposes. First, they comprise a Divine precedent (sunnah ilahiyyah
  • Is it true that the second Khalīfah married Imam Alī’s (as) daughter?
    5102 تاريخ بزرگان
    The marriage of the second Khalīfah to Umm Kulthum has been narrated in both Shīʿah and Sunni books, however the different narrations vary from one another and are not the same. That which is common in both Shīʿah and Sunni narrations is that the second Khalīfah ...
  • What are the opinions of the Maraj'e in regard to using Qama in the past and in present time?
    6247 Laws and Jurisprudence
    Mourning for Imam Hossein has always been emphasized on by the Imams and Muslim scholars, and throughout history, there have always been gatherings in which people would mourn for the Imam.One of the ways people in some cities and countries would perform the mourning for the Imam and ...
  • Who was Sheikh Hafiz Rajab Borsi? Is his "Mashariq al-Anwar" an authentic book?
    8049 تألیفات شیعی
    Sheikh Hafiz Borsi (d. 1392 AD or 1394 AD) is a Muslim thinker known as an expert of hadith, a jurisprudent and an erudite. There is also a strong presence of theoretical mysticism everywhere in his works. "Mashariq al-Anwar fi Asrar-e Amir Almo'menin" [i] ...
  • Can a woman recite Quran in front of non-mahrams?
    6972 Laws and Jurisprudence
    The Grand Ayatullah Khameneni (may Allah prolong his life):If it gets their attention and arouses them or causes any other corruption then it will be impermissible, or else, it is permissible.The Grand Ayatullah Sistani (may Allah prolong his life):If she knows that a non-mahram man hears her voice ...
  • Do the discrepancies among religions have something to do with people’s personal and environmental capacity?
    4287 دین
    Considering the terminologies used in this question, the accepted Islamic viewpoint is the evolutionist approach. Islam is a religion which addresses man’s God-gifted nature and encompasses all nations and tribes in the eras after the emergence of Islam. For this reason, the followers of all previous religions ...
  • What is bid’ah and what are the criteria for an act to be considered bid’ah and what differences do the Shia have with other Islamic sects on this issue?
    7546 Traditional
    Bid’ah literally means innovation and in other words, something new, and in Islamic terms, means to relate something to religion that it has in no way asserted and in no way complies with any of its sayings and guidelines.According to this description, many of the Muslims’ ...
  • When did Shiite jurisprudence and marja\'eyyah begin?
    2004 اجتهاد و مرجعیت در اسلام
    The necessity of taqlid is the result of a rational conclusion based on the need for divine guidance, through the Qur'an and the traditions. Thus, taqlid has its jurisprudential evidence in addition to reason which also admits that a person who is ignorant of religious rules should ...
  • What is teyyul-ard?
    3806 Theoretical
    There are different views on the true essence of teyyul-ard. One would be the theory of “اعدام و ایجاد” or “Existentiation and Elimination” of the renowned mystic, Ibn Arabi. According to this theory, the person eliminates his existence in one place and existentiates it in ...