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Ranar Isar da Sako: 2014/10/06
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Shin ya inganta a karanta kur\'ani ga matattu?
SWALI
Shin yana inganta a karanta kur\'ani ga wadanda suka mutu shin akwai hadisi da yake bayani kan hakan?
Amsa a Dunkule
Dangane da tabbatar da mustahabbancin karanta kur'ani ga mamata akwai nau'in dalili kan hakan guda biyu: nau'in farko shi ne  riwayoyi da suke gamammen bayani kan tunawa da mamata domin su mamata suna amfana da kyawawan ayyukanku sannan bayyanannen al'amari ne cewa karatun kur'ani yana daga cikin kyawawan ayyuka karbabbu.
An karbo daga manzon Allah (s.a.w) cikin fadinsa: kada ku manta da yan'uwanku da ke kwance cikin kaburbura, lalle su suna fatan kyawawan ayyukanku, lalle su suna raye suna kwadayin ayyukan alherinku domin su ba su da damar da ikon yin aiki, saboda ku yi sadaka da addu'a gare su.
Sannan kashi na biyu shi ne: riwayar da ta ke bayanin amfanin karatun kur'ani ga mamata misalin riwayar da aka karbo daga imam rida (a.s) ya ce: duk wanda ya ziyarci kabarin mumini to karanta suratu inna anzalnahu kafa bakwai kusa da kabarin lalle Allah zai gafarta masa tare da wanda ke kwance cikin kabarin.
 
Amsa Dalla-dalla
Gabanin tsunduma cikin bada amsa ya kamata mu tunatar da wani abu:
1- ma'anar mutuwa a mahangar muslunci:
Musulunci bai ganin mutuwa karewa da halaka ga mutum, ma'ana shi ne shi ruhin dan adam wanda bai taba karewa kadai dai yana rabuwa da fita daga gangar jiki wanda daga karshe ita gangar jiki ita ke rubewa shi ko ruhi yana nan yana ci gaba da rayuwar har zuwa wani iyakantaccen wa'adi  sannan daga baya aka hada shi ruhin da gangar jiki su ci gaba da rayuwa[1]
Allah madaukaki na cewa: sai suka ce shin idan muka bace cikin kasa zamu kara samu wata sabuwar rayuwar? Bari dai su sun kafirta da saduwa da ubangijinsu* ka ce musu mala'ilkan mutuwa da aka wakilta shi kanku  zai karbi rayukanku sannan zuwa ga ubangijinku zaku dawo.[2]
Annabin Allah yana cewa: fitar mutane daga duniya daidai yake da fitar jinjiri daga cikin mahaifiyarsa da ya rabu daga rayuwar duhun ciki da kuntata ya tsallako zuwa sarari mayalwaci mai haske.[3]
Imam ali (a.s) ya ce:  ya ku mutane mu daku an halicce mu ne domin wanzuwa da dawwama ba a halicce mu ba domin mu mutu, lalle ku ta hanyar mutuwa baku barin wannan duniya kadai dai kun tashi daga wani gida zuwa wani gida sabo. Saboda haka ya zama wajibi ku tanadi guzurin da zaka tsallaka wancan gida.[4]
An karbo daga imam husaini(a.s) ya ce: ita mutuwa wata gada ce da take daukeka daga matsalolin duniya, kamar yadda ta kasance ga makiyin Allah daga bukka zuwa kurkuku. [5]
Ayoyi da riwayoyi  na bada shaida kan cewa mutuwa da rubewar gangar jiki ba su cutar da ruhi  shi ruhi na wanzuwa yadda yake domin yanda ciki gashin kai akankin kansa domin hakikaninmu na tare da rai da ruhinmu ba wai gangar jiki da tsoka ba, mutuwa ba ta nufin shike nan komai ya kare labari ya ya zo karshe ita mutuwa bude wani sabon shafi ne na sabuwar rayuwa a wata sabuwar duniyar daban wanda dan adam zai ci gaba da rayuwarsa cikin ta.
Bayan mutuwa mutum na da wani hakki kan makusantansa  da sauran muminai daga cikin hakkin akwai yi masa wankan gawa  sanya masa likkafani  yi masa sallah binne shi sannan sauran wajibai da ake bisa bai ba lokacin rayuwarsa to ya kamata cikin sauri a sauke masa su, amma sauke wasu ayyyuka da suke mustahabbai ga mamata daga cikinsu akwai yin sadaka don shi karanta masa kur'ani da yi masa addu'a dukkanin wadannan mustahabbai  ne dangane da mamata.
 
Karanta Kur'ani Ga Mamata:
Dangane da tabbatar da mustahabbancin karatun kur'ani ga mamata zamu iya kawo nau'in dalilai guda biyu kai da sukai bayani kan hakan, nau'in na farko shi ne riwayar da bayani a dunkule take umarni da a dinga tunawa da matattu  ta hanyar kyawawan ayyukan dominsu suna amfana da wadannan kyawawan ayyukan sannan bayyanan abu ne cewa kur'ani na daga cikin kyawawan ayyuka.
1- an karbo daga manzon Allah (s.a.w) kada ku manta da `yan'uwanku dake kwance cikin kabari lalle suna fatan kyawawan ayyuaknku suna kwadayinsu kasantuwarsu ba su da damar yin wani sabon aiki kamar yadda ku kuke da ita, saboda ku yi musu sa daka da addu'a da karatun kur'ani.[6]
2 imam Sadik (a.s) yana cewa: mamamci  na yin farin ciki idan yaga ana nema masa gafara da arahama kamar yadda rayayye ke farin ciki idan aka ba shi kyauta.[7]
Kashi na biyu shi ne riwayar da ke bayanin tasirin karatun kur'ani ga mamaci, imam rida (a.s) yace: duk wanda ya ziyarci kabarin dan'uwansa ya karanta suratu inna anzalnahu kafa bakwai kusa da kabarin  to Allah zai gafarta masa tare da wanda yake cikin kabarin[8]
 

[1] Islamic teaching wallafar sayyid muhammad husaini tabataba'I sh 133 bugun daftarul intisharatul islami wanda ke jingine da jami'ul mudarrasin hauza ilmiyya Kum bugu na hudu shekara 1385
[2] Sajada aya 10-11
[3] Tarjamar littafin nahjul fasaha na abu kasim hadisi mai lamba 2645 bugun saziman cafi intisharatil jawidani.
[4] Irshad  sh 229, tarjamar muhammad bakir sa'idi  kurasani bugun intisharatul islamiya.
[5] Muhajjatu baida wallafar mulla muhammad muhsin  faizul kashani juz 8 sh 255
[6] Anwarul hidaya wallafar shaik hassan ali sh 115 bugun mabugar nu'umanu najaf
[7] Mahajjatul baida juz 8 sh 292.
[8] Biharul anwar wallafar muhammad bakir majalisi juz 79 sh 169, bugun manshuratul islamiya tehran.
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