Advanced search
Last Updated: 2014/09/29
Summary of question
Is Muhammad bin Uthman Umari\'s claim that he has seen the Imam of Time (\'atf) during Hajj season true?
Is Muhammad bin Uthman Umari\'s claim that he has seen the Imam of Time (\'atf) during Hajj season true?
Concise answer
The  fact that the Imam of Time, Imam Mahdi, may Allah hasten his reappearance, is seen during the period of occultation is indisputable and beyond doubt even though such a claim made by anyone (that he has seen him) is not acceptable. The second deputy of the Imam of Time ('atf) was an intermediary between the Imam and people and he, undoubtedly, had the opportunity to meet the Imam during the period of minor occultation. As well, he himself has said that he met the Imam in the Sacred House of Allah when the Imam was busy praying and supplicating.
Muhammad bin Uthman has been reported to have said that the Imam of Time ('atf) attends the Hajj ceremony every year. He sees people but people do not see him. There are clear proofs confirming what Muhammad bin Uthman has said. For example, in some authentic Shia books, there is a saying from Imam Ja'far Sadiq (AS) with a nearly similar purport.
Detailed Answer
This question can be studied in two parts:
1. Did Muhammad bin Uthman Umari meet with the Imam of Time ('atf) during Hajj season?
2.  Muhammad bin Uthman Umari has been reported to have said that the Imam of Time ('atf) attends the Hajj ceremony every year and that one can meet with the Imam during Hajj season. How far is this report true? We shall deal with both questions here:
A) Meeting with the Imam of Time ('atf) during the period of occultation:
It is possible to meet with the Imam of Time ('atf) during the period of occultation. Many scholars who is believed to be honest and just ('adil) and who can be trusted in such matters have narrated stories of people meeting with Imam Mahdi, may Allah hasten his reappearance. These stories can be found in their books along with names of people who have been blessed with the opportunity to meet with him. Such meetings have taken place both during the period of minor occultation and major occultation. [1]
During the period of minor occultation, the Imam of Time ('atf) communicated with people through his special deputies whom he had appointed as intermediaries. The four deputies represented the Imam and acted as his deputies one after another. Throughout the period of minor occultation, these deputies met with the Imam and also some people other than the deputies managed to meet with the Imam sometimes.
The second special deputy of the Imam of was Muhammad bin Uthman Umari who, after his father Uthman bin Sa'eid, undertook the position of deputyship at the behest of the Imam. He was blessed with the opportunity to be the Imam's emissary for nearly forty years. Obviously, Muhammad bin Uthman met with the Imam throughout this period. He was an intermediary between people and the Imam; because deputyship requires one to be constantly in contact with the Imam and to facilitate communication between him and other people.
B) As for whether Muhammad bin Uthman has met the Imam of Time ('atf) during Hajj ceremony or not, there is a report from Muhammad bin Uthman himself who says that he was asked by Abdullah bin Ja'far al-Humayri whether or not he had seen the Imam of Time and he had replied, "It was in the Sacred House of Allah when I last saw the Imam whilst he was praying and saying: "'O Lord, fulfill what you have promised me."[2]
Also, Muhammad bin Uthman says that he saw the Imam holding the curtain of the Ka'abah and saying: "O Lord, take revenge from your enemy."[3] This saying of Muhammad bin Uthman signifies that he had seen the Imam (AS) beside the Ka'abah but it does not indicate whether he had seen him during Hajj season or some other time.
Muhammad bin Uthman has been reported to have said: "By Allah, the Imam of Time ('atf) attends the Hajj ceremony every year. He sees people and knows them; people also see him but they do not recognize him."[4]
There are proofs and evidence confirming Muhammad bin Uthman's saying:
1. Imam Sadiq, peace be upon him says, "People lose their Imam; he attends the hajj ceremony during hajj season and he sees people but people do not see him."[5]
2. One of the best acts of worship which happens only once a year is the obligation of Hajj which is performed by able-bodied and financially capable Muslims. Performing hajj earn the pilgrim a lot of rewards and it has been highly recommended; its spiritual benefits are numerous and that is the reason why Hajj has been considered to be one of the pillars of Islam. Imam Baqir, peace be upon him, says: "Islam is founded upon five pillars: prayer, Zakat, fasting, Hajj and Wilayah."[6]
The Imams (AS) advised Shiites to perform Hajj every year, if they could. They were advised to attend the Hajj ceremony frequently.  In a tradition narrated from Imam Sadiq (AS), the Imam says to his companion: "O 'Isa, if you could find some bread and salt to eat (that is to say, if you could find enough to eat during the year), then perform Hajj every year."[7]  In another tradition, the Imam has been reported to have said: "Perform pilgrimage of the House of Allah, do it persistently, because constant performance of Hajj will repel hardship from you."[8] In this narration, a "persistent performer of Hajj" (i.e. one who performs Hajj every year) has been praised.[9]
We also see in the normative conduct of the imams (AS) that they endeavored to perform Hajj as many times as they could; they made sure not to miss Hajj. For instance, Imam Hasan Mujtaba, peace be upon him, has said that he travelled to Makkah on foot more than twenty times to perform Hajj.
In jurisprudential books also, the jurisprudents have dedicated a special chapter on Hajj and desirability of performing it every year.[10]
It is unlikely of the Imam of Age (AS) to lose this virtue by not acting upon what his noble forefathers commended. It can, therefore, be said that one of the places where the Imam visits very often especially during the Hajj season is the Ka'abah, or the House of Allah.
3. It is inferred from narrations that the Imam of Age, may Allah hasten his reappearance, is not living far away from people and society. In fact, he is living with people and in their midst. He attends public congregations but people do not recognize him. One of the important congregations in Islam is the great Hajj congress which is attended most likely by the Imam of Time, Imam Mahdi, may Allah hasten his reappearance.

[1] For further information in this regard, see the following index: Communication with Imam of Time ('atf), question 1029 (site: 1084).
[2] Sheikh Saduq, Kamal al-Din, vol.2, p. 441, Dar al-Kotob al-Islamiyah, Qom, 1390 A.H.
[3] Hurr Amili, Wasail al-Shi'ah, vol.13, p. 259, Aalulbayt (AS) Institute, Qom, 1409 A.H; Man Layahzuruhu al-Faqih, vol.2, p. 520, Jame'ah Mudarresin Publications, Qom, 1413 A.H.
[4] Sheikh Saduq, Kamal al-Din, vol.2, p. 441, Tusi, Muhammad bin Hasan, al-Ghaibah, p. 362, researched by Ibadullah al-Tehrani and Ali Ahmad Nāsih, Qom, Al-Ma'aref al-Islamiyah Institute, 1411 A.H; Sheikh Saduq, Man Layahzuruhu al-Faqih, vol.2, p. 520.
[5] Sheik Tusi, al-Ghaibah, p.161; Kamal al-Din, vol.2, p. 346; Wasail al-Shi'ah, vol.1, p. 135.
[6] Kulayni, Muhammad bin Ya'qub, Usul al-Kafi, vol.2, p. 18, Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah, Tehran, 1365 (Persian calendar).
[7] Wasail al-Shi'ah, vol.11, p. 135.
[8] Muhaddith Noori, Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol.8, p. 5, Aalulbayt Institute, Qom, 1408.
[9] Al-Kafi, vol.4, p. 542.
[10] Wasail al-Shi'ah, vol.11, p. 133.
Question translations in other languages
Number of comments 0
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Thematic Category

Random questions

  • Who became prophets in their childhood?
    5032 پیامبران و کتابهای آسمانی
    Following a research in the verses of the Holy Quran and sayings of the Infallibles (A.S) about the prophetic mission of the prophets, we came t the conclusion that only two prophets were appointed as prophets in their childhood and God granted them knowledge, wisdom and books.
  • Is it wrong to have doubts about the Imamate of some of the Imams?
    4404 Traditional
    Islamic beliefs are like a connected chain, such that if one part is missing, then the whole chain will be useless and have no benefit. This situation is similar in regard to believing in the Imams; because knowing that choosing and appointing them is done by Allah, denying ...
  • Why are good and bad moral traits discussed together in ethics? Scientifically speaking, what is the relationship between those traits?
    9294 گناه و رذائل اخلاقی
    In view of the fact that ethics is a branch of philosophy that studies good and bad moral traits, voluntary conducts and volitional behaviors, it is very much logical and scientific to discuss and put all moral traits together. The good moral traits are certainty, faith, tawakkul ...
  • Will Hell be on the earth and Heaven in the sky?
    9659 Quranic Studies
    This question doesn’t have a brief answer. Please click on the detailed answer. ...
  • Can a non-baligh person lead the prayer?
    4898 Laws and Jurisprudence
    The following are the responses of the grand maraji':[1] His eminence, Ayatullah Khamene'i (may Allah prolong his life): In the case of the question, it is not permissible. His eminence, Ayatullah ...
  • What is the Islamic law regarding anal intercourse? Is there any objection in it?
    11866 موارد غیر متعارف
    Since different jurists have different verdicts in this regard, you should act according to the fatwa (verdict) of the Mujtahid (jurist) whom you follow. For your information, we will now mention the verdicts of some of the religious authorities (jurists) as follows. 1) Some of ...
  • Is it possible for a human to get married with a jinn?
    3981 Laws and Jurisprudence
    Thank you for your question. First of all, it should be kept in mind that knowing the answer to such questions has no effect on our lives. There is no spiritual or material benefit for knowing these things. Secondly, although it is possible for ...
  • What are the conditions of divorce?
    5281 Laws and Jurisprudence
    If you were interested in living with your husband, you should have made every effort to save the marriage. In fact, you could have done something to draw your in-laws' attention and make your husband love you. If you think you made every necessary effort, you should never think that ...
  • What is the meaning of God’s devising?
    4896 Exegesis
    Imam Rida (AS) was asked about the attribution of deceit and ridicule to Allah, which the Quran has mentioned, his excellency replied: “Allah Almighty neither ridicules nor deceives or devises against anyone; what He does is requite ridicule, devising and deceit.” ...
  • Why do Muslims slaughter sheep and other animals in their religious gatherings?
    12835 Philosophy of Religion and Law
    Man is the loftiest of creatures and God has created everything else in the world, including animals, for him so that he can benefit from them (use their meat, a means of transportation, etc.). Slaughtering animals on happy occasions and religious gatherings has been encouraged by religious ...