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Summary of question
When did the epithets of Sayyid al-Nas, Sayyid al-Bashar, Sayyidul Mursalin, and Sayyidul Anbia on the Prophet (pbuh) come into being?
question
When did the epithets of Sayyid al-Nas, Sayyid al-Bashar, Sayyidul Mursalin, and Sayyidul Anbia on the Prophet (pbuh) come into being?
Concise answer
Studying the titles of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) is one of the important issues which is a manifestation of his moral salient characteristics and attributes.  These titles have been adapted from narrations and they were created during the time of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and the infallible Imams (a.s).  The traditions in which these titles have been mentioned were:
 
1. I am the master of men [1]
«أَنَا سَیِّدُ النَّاسِ ...»
2. I am the master of humans [2]
«أَنَا سَیِّدُ الْبَشَر»
3. I am the master of Prophets [3]
«أَنَا سَیِّدُ الْأَنْبِیَاء»
Imam Sajjad (a.s) has sent greeting to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) in a Dua as under:
Allahumma Salli `Ala Muhammadin Khatam ul-Nabiyeen Wa Syed al-Mursaleen
«اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ خَاتَمِ النَّبِیِّینَ وَ سَیِّدِ الْمُرْسَلِین»[4]
 

[1] . Maghrebi, Qazi Noman, Sharh al-Akhbar Fi Fazael al-Aemmah al-Athar (a.s), Vol. 1, Pg. 233, Qom, office of Islamic publication, first edition, 1409 AH, Ibn Hajar Asqalani, Ahmad bin Ali, al-Isabah Fi, Tam’eez al-Sahabah, Vol. 7, Pg. 75, Beirut, Dar ul-Kutob ul-Elmiyah, first edition, 1415 HA,
[2] . Sheikh Mofid, Muhammad bin Muhammad, Tafzil Amir al-Mo’meneen (a.s) Pg. 20, Qom, Shekh Mofid Congress, first edition, 1413 AH.
[3] . Khazaz Razi, Ali bin Muhammad, Kefayah al-Asar Fi al-Nass Ala’ al-Aemmah al-Isna Ashar, Pg. 113, Qom, Bidar, 1401 AH; Sheikh Sadouq, al-Amali, Pg. 298, Tehran, Ketabchi, sixth edition, 1997.
[4] . Ali bin al-Hussain (a.s), al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyah, Pg. 88, Qom, office of al-Hadi publication, first edition, 1997; Ibn Shahrashoub Mazandarani, Manaqib Al -e- Abi Taleb (a.s),Vol. 1, Pg. 152, Qom, Allamah, first edition, 1379 AH.
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