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Last Updated: 2011/09/26
Summary of question
What are the punishments for shaking hands with a non-Mahram, physical contact and not observing Islamic modest dress?
question
What are the punishments for shaking hands or physical contact with a non-mahram. Also, what is the punishment for not wearing hijab? Please explain.
Concise answer

Different punishments and penalties have been reported, in our religious sources, for the sins mentioned in the question. We will suffice to quoting a few traditions in this regard:

A) Shaking hands with a non-mahram:

1. The Holy Prophet (s) said: "Any man who shakes hands with a non-Mahram woman comes on the Day of Resurrection handcuffed then he will be ordered to the Fire."[1]

2. "Any man who shakes hands with a non-Mahram woman, without doubt he has made himself deserving of wrath and displeasure from Allah."[2]

B) Physical contact with non-Mahram: There are different forms of a physical contact with a non-Mahram. They include shaking hands (about which narratives were mentioned above), touching, "adultery" etc. There are different traditions in this regard some of which are as under:

1. The Holy Prophet (s) says: "Any man who hugs a non-Mahram woman, he is tied together with Shaitan to a chain of fire and both of are dragged and thrown unto the fire."[3]

2. Imam Reza (a.s.) said: "On the night of Me'raj (ascension), the Holy Prophet (s) saw a group of women who were subjected to punishment.[4] On that night a woman was seen having her face and body being cut by a (pair of) scissors. This was the punishment for showing her body and private parts to other men.[5]

C) Not wearing hijab: In the same foregoing tradition, it has been narrated that the Holy Prophet (s) saw a woman hanging by her hair and her brain was boiling. (This was the punishment of that woman who did not hide her hair by covering her head from men).[6]

For further information in this regard, see the following relevant indexes:

"Hijab in Islam", question 431 (site: 459).

"Philosophy of Women's Dress Code", question 825 (site: 884)

"Shaking hands with non-Mahram women", question 527 (site: 574)

"Haram and Sinful Gazes", question 1396 (site: 1420)

"Hugging a non-Mahram woman", question 6074 (site: 6257)

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[1] - «وَ مَنْ صَافَحَ امْرَأَةً حَرَاماً جَاءَ یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَةِ مَغْلُولًا ثُمَّ یُؤْمَرُ بِهِ إِلَى النَّار» (Shaykh Saduq, Thawab al-A'mal wa 'Eqab al-A'mal, p.g 283, Sharif Razi Publications 1985.

[2] - «مَنْ صَافَحَ امْرَأَةً تَحْرُمُ عَلَیْهِ فَقَدْ بٰاءَ بِسَخَطٍ مِنَ اللّٰهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ» (Shaykh Saduq, Man La Yahzuruhul Faqih, vol.4, pg. 14, Jame'ah Mudarresin Publications, Qom, 1413 A.H.)

[3] - «من التزم امرأة حراما قرن فی سلسلة من النّار مع الشّیطان فیقذفان فی النّار» (Amili, Hurr, Wasail al-Shi'ah, vol.20, pg. 196, Aalulbayt Institute, Qom, 1409 A.H.

[4] - Shaykh Saduq, Uyoon Akhbar al-Reza (a.s), vol.2, pg. 10 and 11, Jahan Publications, 1378 A.H.

[5] - Ibid.

[6] - Ibid.

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