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Last Updated: 2010/06/07
Summary of question
What is the proof for Prophet Adam and Nuh (pbuh) being buried in Najaf?
question
How can we find out whether or not Prophet Adam and Nuh (pbuh) are buried in Najaf?
Concise answer

The main reasoning that proves the burial of Prophet Adam and Nuh (pbuh) in Najaf are the many hadith that disclose this fact.

Detailed Answer

The only way to learn of where Prophet Adam and Nuh (pbuh) are buried are through the ahadith. In many hadiths by the infallible imams, we read that Prophets Adam and Nuh’s (pbuh) burial sites are in Najaf. The following are some of those hadith:

1- Abu Basir says that he asked Imam Sadiq (as) where Imam Ali (as) was buried. The Imam replied: At the grave of his father Nuh. Abu Basir asked where Prophet Nuh’s (pbuh) grave was and that the people say it is in the masjid of Kufa. The imam said: “No it is located behind Kufa.”[1]

2- Imam Sadiq (as) said: “Kufa is a garden of the gardens of paradise. The graves of Prophets Nuh, Ibrahim, and 370 other prophets is there, and Imam Ali’s (as) grave is located there.”[2]

3- Imam Sadiq (as) said: “…Whenever you do the ziyarat of Imam Ali (as), know that you have also done the ziyarat of Prophets Adam and Nuh (pbuh)…”[3]

It is clearly concluded from these and the many other hadiths on the issue that the graves of Prophets Adam and Nuh (pbuh) are located in present Najaf (behind Kufa), and since at that time Najaf wasn’t a city and was a barren desert located behind Kufa, it was referred to as “behind Kufa” or “near Kufa”.


[1] Wasa’elul-Shia, vol. 14, pg. 386, hadith 19436 “وَ بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ تَمَّامٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِیِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مِیثَمٍ الطَّلْحِیِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِیِّ بْنِ أَبِی حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ أَبِی بَصِیرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع:" أَیْنَ دُفِنَ أَمِیرُ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ع قَالَ دُفِنَ فِی قَبْرِ أَبِیهِ نُوحٍ قُلْتُ وَ أَیْنَ قَبْرُ نُوحٍ النَّاسُ یَقُولُونَ إِنَّهُ فِی الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَ لَا ذَاکَ فِی ظَهْرِ الْکُوفَةِ

[2] Wasa’elul-Shia, vol. 14, pg. 387, hadith 19440 “وَ عَنِ ابْنِ دَاوُدَ عَنْ سَلَامَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الرَّازِیِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِیِّ بْنِ أَبِی حَمْزَةَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِی أُسَامَةَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ یَقُولُ الْکُوفَةُ رَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِیَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ فِیهَا قَبْرُ نُوحٍ وَ إِبْرَاهِیمَ وَ قُبُورُ ثَلَاثِمِائَةِ نَبِیٍّ وَ سَبْعِینَ نَبِیّاً وَ سِتِّمِائَةِ وَصِیٍّ وَ قَبْرُ سَیِّدِ الْأَوْصِیَاءِ أَمِیرِ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ (ع)

3] Tusi, Tahdhibul-Ahkam, vol. 6, pg. 23, hadith 8: “أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْحِمْیَرِیِّ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ أَبِی الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْجُعْفِیِّ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّی أَشْتَاقُ إِلَى الْغَرِیِّ فَقَالَ فَمَا شَوْقُکَ إِلَیْهِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّی أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَزُورَ أَمِیرَ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ع فَقَالَ هَلْ تَعْرِفُ فَضْلَ زِیَارَتِهِ فَقُلْتُ لَا یَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا أَنْ تُعَرِّفَنِی ذَلِکَ قَالَ إِذَا زُرْتَ أَمِیرَ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ع فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّکَ زَائِرٌ عِظَامَ آدَمَ وَ بَدَنَ نُوحٍ وَ جِسْمَ عَلِیِّ بْنِ أَبِی طَالِبٍ ع فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ آدَمَ ع هَبَطَ بِسَرَانْدِیبَ فِی مَطْلَعِ الشَّمْسِ وَ زَعَمُوا أَنَّ عِظَامَهُ فِی بَیْتِ اللَّهِ الْحَرَامِ فَکَیْفَ صَارَتْ عِظَامُهُ بِالْکُوفَةِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَوْحَى إِلَى نُوحٍ ع وَ هُوَ فِی السَّفِینَةِ أَنْ یَطُوفَ بِالْبَیْتِ أُسْبُوعاً فَطَافَ بِالْبَیْتِ کَمَا أَوْحَى اللَّهُ تَعَالَى إِلَیْهِ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فِی الْمَاءِ إِلَى رُکْبَتَیْهِ فَاسْتَخْرَجَ تَابُوتاً فِیهِ عِظَامُ آدَمَ ع فَحَمَلَهُ فِی جَوْفِ السَّفِینَةِ حَتَّى طَافَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ یَطُوفَ ثُمَّ وَرَدَ إِلَى بَابِ الْکُوفَةِ فِی وَسَطِ مَسْجِدِهَا فَفِیهَا قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِلْأَرْضِ ابْلَعِی ماءَکِ فَبَلَعَتْ مَاءَهَا مِنْ مَسْجِدِ الْکُوفَةِ کَمَا بَدَأَ الْمَاءُ مِنْهُ وَ تَفَرَّقَ الْجَمْعُ الَّذِی کَانَ مَعَ نُوحٍ ع فِی السَّفِینَةِ فَأَخَذَ نُوحٌ ع التَّابُوتَ فَدَفَنَهُ فِی الْغَرِیِّ وَ هُوَ قِطْعَةٌ مِنَ الْجَبَلِ الَّذِی کَلَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَیْهِ مُوسَى تَکْلِیماً وَ قَدَّسَ عَلَیْهِ عِیسَى تَقْدِیساً وَ اتَّخَذَ عَلَیْهِ إِبْرَاهِیمَ خَلِیلًا وَ اتَّخَذَ مُحَمَّداً ص حَبِیباً وَ جَعَلَهُ لِلنَّبِیِّینَ مَسْکَناً فَوَ اللَّهِ مَا سَکَنَ فِیهِ بَعْدَ أَبَوَیْهِ الطَّیِّبَیْنِ آدَمَ وَ نُوحٍ أَکْرَمُ مِنْ أَمِیرِ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ص فَإِذَا زُرْتَ جَانِبَ النَّجَفِ فَزُرْ عِظَامَ آدَمَ وَ بَدَنَ نُوحٍ وَ جِسْمَ عَلِیِّ بْنِ أَبِی طَالِبٍ ع فَإِنَّکَ زَائِرٌ الْآبَاءَ الْأَوَّلِینَ وَ مُحَمَّداً خَاتَمَ النَّبِیِّینَ وَ عَلِیّاً سَیِّدَ الْوَصِیِّینَ وَ إِنَّ زَائِرَهُ تُفَتَّحُ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ عِنْدَ دَعْوَتِهِ فَلَا تَکُنْ عَنِ الْخَیْرِ نَوَّاماً

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