Advanced search
Visit
9547
Last Updated: 2011/12/21
Summary of question
What duties does a child have when it comes to parents?
question
What duties does a child have when it comes to parents?
Concise answer

The importance of fulfilling the rights of parents (father and mother) has been recognized by the Quran to be so high that in several verses, it has been demanded immediately after forbidding shirk (polytheism) and has been known as one of the most virtuous acts in the ahadith. A few examples of the rights mentioned in the Quran and tradition are as follows:

1. Speaking politely with parents and being humble with them

2. Praying to God to bestow His mercy on them

3. Obeying them in everything except haram

Detailed Answer

The topic of parents’ rights has been given a lot of attention in the Quran and ahadith; we will expand on this subject in the following segments:

Importance of parents’ rights in the Holy Quran

The Quran has given so much importance to the point where, in several verses, it has promoted to do parents good immediately after forbidding shirk (polytheism). For example in the covenant made with Bani Israel (the children of Israel), he says: “And (remember) when we made a covenant with the children of Israel: You shall not serve any but Allah and (you shall do) good to (your) parents”. [1] It is clear that making a covenant to be kind with parents implies how important it is. In another part of the Quran, using the word “ و قضی ربک ” meaning “the lord has decreed” and again straight after mentioning shirk, He demands to do good to parents. [2] This issue can be witnessed in several verses such as Surah An-Nisa’/36, Surah Al-Anaam/151, Surah Al-Ankabut/8, Surah Luqman and Al-Ahqaf/15.

On top of this, Allah has emphasized on the significance of this topic by reminding us how the Awliya’ullah (Friends of Allah) and the prophets were good to their parents; for example in the chapter of Maryam, in addition to mentioning the noble traits instilled in Prophet Yahya (A.S.) he states that he treated his parents very well. [3]

Importance of parent’s rights in traditions

In a hadith, Imam Sadiq’s (A.S.) reply to the question “which action is the highest and greatest action” was “on-time (not delayed) prayer, doing your parents good and jihad”. By mentioning the act of doing good to parents after on-time prayer and before jihad we can easily deduce how important it is in the eyes of the imams. In another hadith narrated from Imam Sadeq (A.S.), he considers doing good to parents, whether they are righteous or corrupt, to be one of those duties that which no excuse is accepted for. [4]

Examples of parent’s rights in the Quran and ahadith

Several examples of rights that parents have over their children have been mentioned, in a concise manner, in the Quran and ahadith. Here, we will take a brief look at a few of them:

A. Speaking politely

In an ayah Allah states: “ If either or both of them reach old age with you, say not to them (so much as) "Ugh" nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word.” [5] In a hadith, Imam Sadeq (A.S.) says if there was a word that would imply less than what uff (ugh) implies, God would have forbidden that [would have used that word instead of uff]. [6]

B. Humbleness

In the rest of the verse mentioned above Allah says: “ And lower unto them (mother and father) the wing of submission through mercy.” [7] The metaphor of “lowering the wing of submission” in this ayah implies the utmost measure of humbleness.

C. Obedience

A hadith has been narrated that Imam Sadiq (A.S.) declares: “The child has three duties towards his parents; continuously being thankful of them, obeying whatever they demand or forbid unless it results in a sin and doing good to them in private and public.” [8]

D. Praying

In the same verses Allah orders to pray for them also: “An d say: O my Lord! have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.” [9]

In addition to these points, even more detailed examples have been pointed out; like the hadith where Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A.S.) says that the Prophet (S.A.) was asked about the rights the father has over his child and he replied that the child must never call his parents by their first name, walk in front of them or sit before they do, nor give others an excuse to insult them.” [10] In a verse of the Quran parents have been declared to be the priority for receiving charity, the ayah says: “They ask you as to what they should spend (in charity). Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it must go to the parents and the near of kin”. [11]

The limit to obeying parents

From the earlier points mentioned, one might get the impression that it is necessary to obey parents regardless of what they say in order to fulfill their rights, but what must be noted is that from the Quran’s perspective this isn’t acceptable in its entirety. From the Quran’s perspective it is only necessary to obey parents when it doesn’t result in disobeying Allah and being deviated from justice and the right path. As Allah says in a verse of the Quran: “Be maintainers of justice as witnesses of Allah, though it may be against your own selves or (your) parents or near relatives”. [12]

Similar to the above, in a different verse, he has warned us not surrender to the struggle and endeavor of our parents if they – God forbid - intend to make us mushrik (polytheist): “And We have enjoined on man goodness to his parents, and if they contend with you that you should associate (others) with Me, of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them…”. [13] However the Quran ultimately declares that disobeying one’s parents in committing shirk to Allah doesn’t mean that one can be harsh with them, where it says: “…and keep company with them in this world kindly”. [14]

In addition to encouraging us to treat our parents in a kind and respectful manner the Quran and ahadith also state that this obligation has been put onto us in exchange for all the struggle and effort they have gone through, especially the mother, to take care of and raise us. [15]   [16]

For more information please see:

Parent’s demands and children’s duties, Question 9455, (Site: 9458).



[1] Baqarah:83.

[2] و قضی ربک ألا تعبدوا إلا إایاه و بالوالدین احسانا... ” (Your Lord has decreed that you shall not worship anyone except Him, and [He has enjoined] kindness to parents) Israa’:23.

[3] و برّا بوالدیه و لم یکن جبارا عصیا ” Maryam:14.

[4] Sheikh Tusi, Al-Tahdhib, vol. 6, pg. 350, Daar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah, Tehran, 1986.

[5] Israa’:23.

[6] Kuleini, Kāfī, vol. 2, pg. 349.

[7] Israa’:24.

[8] Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 75, pg. 236, al-Wafaa’ Insititute, Beirut, Lebanon, 1404 AH.

[9] Israa’:24.

[10] Kuleini, Kāfī, vol. 2, pg. 158, Daar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah, Tehran, 1986.

[11] Baqarah:215.

[12] ...کونوا قوامین بالقسط شهداء علی انفسکم او الوالدین و الاقربین... ” Nisaa’:135.

[13] Ankabut:8.

[14] Luqman:15.

[15] Luqman:14; Ahqaf:15; Israa’:24.

[16] Adopted from an article in the website for answering religious questions.

Question translations in other languages
Comments
Number of comments 0
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Thematic Category

Random questions

  • Why do the Shia pray with open hands while the Sunnis pray with their hands closed? How would the holy prophet of Islam pray? Are there any hadiths on this subject?
    63800 Laws and Jurisprudence 2008/12/21
    Because of the many hadiths they have regarding this matter, the Shia pray with open hands in order to have followed the tradition of the holy prophet (pbuh) and the imams (as). These hadiths express that the prophet (pbuh) and the imams (as) would pray with their hands open ...
  • Can a major sin be forgiven?
    11948 Practical 2010/12/21
    A major sin is one that being punished in hell is promised to its committer in the Quran or ahadith. (There are also other criteria for a sin being a major one). Also minor sins turn into major sins when committed repeatedly (when insisted on ...
  • Is conditional divorce effective?
    6443 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/06/21
    One of the conditions of the validity and effectiveness of the divorce formula is for it not to be made contingent upon any condition. Consequently, if the husband says “If Zayd comes you are divorced”[1] or “If the sun rises you are ...
  • How was the ultimate underlying substance created by Allah? Was there anything existing alongside Allah?
    3898 Islamic Philosophy 2017/01/21
    This issue has something to do closely with the issue of "the created" (hādith) and "the eternal" (qadim). The key to understanding this topic is to understand the concept of existence, non-existence and tajalli (divine self-manifestation) which is the appearance and disclosure of God as truth in ...
  • Was Ibn Arabi Shia or Sunni?
    18334 تاريخ بزرگان 2009/08/29
    The complicated personality and his attitude towards different great personalities of different sects has made it difficult to determine what sect Ibn Arabi belonged to, thus there are different viewpoints on this issue. Some say he was Sunni, some say he was a twelve imamer Shia, some say ...
  • Did Imam Ali (AS) fight all innovations when he was in power?
    7415 امام علی ع و خلفا 2017/01/24
    It was only 25 years after the demise of the Prophet of Islam (S) that the Muslim caliphate got back on its original track. After coming to power and becoming apparently a caliph, Imam Ali (AS) vowed to do away with all the innovations that had come ...
  • rules and regulations has Islam prescribed for exultations and happiness?
    6120 Practical 2011/12/19
    Real happiness from the perspective of a faithful individual is achieved when he performs an act which draws him one step closer to his Lord. However, human beings can benefit from lawful and diverse worldly pleasures so as to satiate his natural desire. At times, these actions ...
  • What is the meaning of Labbayk?
    16878 Laws and Jurisprudence 2012/05/21
    Labbayk means to answer in the affirmative, to agree with and accept an invitation[1], an acceptance accompanied with honor, respect and praise. This term was originally "Labbayna" plus "Lak", and turned to "Labbayk" through combining the two words into one (Idghaam).[2] ...
  • Is the prayer performed in the Imams' shrine right? Though the grave is in the direction of the prayer?
    10714 Exegesis 2011/12/21
    Considering the verse mentioned at the surface level, we deduce that it is permissible to build mosques over graves. In the exegesis of the Quran, it is mentioned that a mosque has been built over the cemetery of the people in the cave (Al-Kahf).In the related tradition, there is ...
  • If a woman remarries in this world, which husband will be her spouse in heaven?
    13073 Traditional 2009/10/22
    When considering the status of a man and woman in the afterlife that were once spouses in this world, several possibilities can be considered:Both the woman and man will be in heaven.The woman will be in heaven ...

Popular