Advanced search
Last Updated: 2012/04/16
Summary of question
Were Imām Sajjād and Imām Bāqir present in Karbalā?
Salām ‘Alaykum, I wanted to ask if our fourth Imam, Zayn al-‘Ābidīn (as) was present at the event of Karbalā? Where was Imām Muḥammad Bāqir (as) [during this time]? Was he [also] present at Karbalā? Did he travel to Karbalā with Imām Ḥusayn (as)? Please give a detailed answer.
Concise answer

In the event of 'Āshūrā which took place during the month of Muḥarram in 61 AH, three noble Imāms were present.

Imām Ḥusayn (as) who headed this revolution and was martyred in Karbalā. Imām Sajjād (as), [who] for reasons could not participate in the battle, and in accordance to God's will, he remained alive to take on the Imāmat of the Shī'ahs [after his fathers martyrdom]. Imām Bāqir (as) was also present at the event of Karbalā.
Detailed Answer

The 'Āshūrā, uprising which took place during the month of Muḥarram in the year 61AH, is one of the most important and influential events in the history of Islām.

Three honorable Imāms were present at this event

Imām Ḥusayn (as) who headed this revolution and was martyred in Karbalā. Imām Sajjād (as), [who] for reasons could not participate in the battle, and in accordance with God's will, he remained alive to take on the Imāmat of the Shī'ahs [after his fathers martyrdom]. Imām Bāqir (as) who was four years old at the time.

Here we will examine the evidence regarding Imām Sajjād (as) and Imām Bāqir (as) being present at Karbalā.

The presence of Imām Sajjād (as) in Karbalā is a matter that all historians unanimously agree upon and none have disputed. Imām Sajjād (as) played a vital role in not allowing the blood of the martyrs of Karbalā go to waste.

One of the proofs for his presence in Karbalā is the historical account of his speech in Yazīds palace.[1]

Also one narrator says, "In the year 61AH I entered Kūfah, this was concurrent with the time that 'Ālī ibn Ḥusayn (Imām Sajjād) (as) and the womenfolk of his family were returning from their (heartbreaking) trip to Karbalā."[2]

Imām Sajjād (as) says about his presence on the day of 'Āshūrā, "We exited with Imām Ḥusayn (as) (from Madīnah)… on Saturday the 10th of Muharram 61AH, after the Ẓuhr prayers he was unjustly martyred."[3]


The presence of Imām Bāqir (as) is also something that historians agree upon since there are many reports that state he was born before 61AH.

"Imām Bāqir (as) was born in 57AH in Madīnah."[4]

Similarly, when a person asked Imām Bāqir (as), "Were you there in the era of Imām Ḥusayn (as)?" the Imām replied, "Yes".[5]

Imām Bāqir (as) says in respect to his presence at Karbalā, "My Grandfather Imām Ḥusayn (as) was killed when I was four years old, and I still remember his being killed."[6]

In accordance to this selection of accounts, there is no objection (or obstacle in proving) that Imām Bāqir (as) was present in Karbalā, and naturally since his eminence was quite young at the time he lived and travelled with his family. Also since he was very young at the time, the books of history have mentioned very little information about his presence in Karbalā.


[1] The Moral Lifestyle of Imam Sajjad (as), 2303 (site: 2411).

[2] Shaykh Mufid, Al-Amaali, p. 321, Shaykh Mufid World Congress Press, Qum, 1413 AH.

[3] Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Bihar al-Anwaar, vol. 45, p. 90, Al-Wafa' Institute, Beirut, 1404 AH.

[4] Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 46, p. 212.

[5] Kulayni, Al-Kāfī, vol. 4, p. 223, Daar al-Kutub al-Islamiyyah, Tehran, 1365 (solar).

[6] Ahmad ibn Abi Ya'qub, Taarikh Ya'qubi, vol. 2, p. 320, Beirut, Daar Saadir, no date of publication.


Question translations in other languages
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Thematic Category

Random questions

  • Is doing some Wajib or Mustahab acts be considered as a substitute for the prayer?
    2175 بیشتر بدانیم 2014/04/20
    It should be noted before answering the above-mentioned question that however, all of the divine laws are based upon securing the interests of mankind and keeping them away from harms. This means that nothing is lawful and unlawful without reason and it is not the case that ...
  • I would like to know the life and personality of Owais Al-Qarni. Is it true that he broke his teeth after he heard that the Prophet had broken one tooth?
    6918 تاريخ بزرگان 2011/10/10
    Owais al-Qarni whose epithet was “Abu Umar” was a Muslim mystic, martyr and philosopher of Yemen. He converted to Islam during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (s), but never met him personally. He had asked his mother's permission to visit the Messenger of Allah, and ...
  • Can you provide us with some information about Prophet Idris (a.s.)?
    7707 Traditional 2013/07/15
    Prophet Idris’ name has been mentioned twice in the Quran, he has been revered and celebrated as truthful, prophet, patient, righteous etc. Prophet Idris is among the grandsons of Prophet Seth reaching Adam (a.s.) through five intermediaries. One of his grandfathers is Prophet Noah (a.s.). Most historians ...
  • Please explain the principles of Sheikh Toosi's political thought.
    3833 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/12/21
     With the emergence of every era new needs and questions are generated which cause scientists and scholars to think and contemplate and strive to find appropriate answers to, and Sheikh Toosi is one the great scholars who has carried such a burden. The fundamentals of ...
  • Are non-Muslim women mahram to Muslim women?
    2734 Laws and Jurisprudence 2012/01/03
    When it comes to non-Muslim women looking at Muslim women, there is a narration in our sources from Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s.) who said that: "It is not appropriate for Muslim women to remove their Hijab (covering) in front of Jewish or Christian women because they tell their husbands about ...
  • What is the most important message of Surah al-Masadd?
    4443 Exegesis 2012/12/31
    The most important message of this Surah (chapter) can be explain in such a way that wealthy, position and family relationship with prophets cannot protect an individual from God’s wrath or fury. Abu Lahab is an example in this chapter of the Quran. He is one of ...
  • Is there any tradition (hadith) regarding octopus?
    2455 دیگر آبزیان 2014/08/04
    We haven’t found any tradition in which using octopus as food be considered impermissible. However, we can infer this forbidden from other traditions (ahadith) in which the main rules have been stated in this regards. This means, any types of marine animals which haven’t scale are being ...
  • What is the ruling about reciting the zikr (recital), which has been narrated by Abu Basir, in Tashahhud of prayers?
    4086 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/11/14
    It has been mentioned in fiqh (jurisprudential) books that the following zikr is recommended to recite in Tashahhud:«بسم اللَّه و باللَّه و الحمد للَّه و خیر الأسماء للَّه أشهد أن لا إله إلّا اللَّه وحده لا شریک له، و أشهد أنّ محمَّداً عبده ...
  • What is the principle of no domination over Muslims?
    398 مبانی فقهی و اصولی 2017/01/24
    The concept of the principle of no domination over Muslims [nafy sabil] is that God, the Glorified, has legislated such rule in the Islamic Shari’ah that prevents non-Muslims from getting hegemony and control over Muslims’ fate and affairs. There is no rule in Islam to allow them ...
  • Islam and Imam Khomeini’s viewpoint on fun, recreation and joking.
    4954 Laws and Jurisprudence 2008/07/21
    According to Islam, the main purpose for creation is the perfection of man and all of the different creatures this world contains all have been created for this purpose (the perfection of man), and that is because man is the highest of all creatures. The holy Quran says: ...


  • Why are shrimps halal and crabs haram? What makes one of them halal and the other halal despite the fact that both of them are from the same category?
    66904 Philosophy of Religion and Law 2012/03/18
    Although all Islamic laws are a result of the benefits or disadvantages and harms that back them, and there is a particular reason behind each and every one of them, discovering the exact reason in detail for every one of them is extremely difficult. The most we ...
  • What is the definition of "Muslim" according to the Quran?
    61086 Exegesis 2010/04/06
    According to the Quran a Muslim is one who has absolutely surrendered to Allah and his commands and believes in pure Tawhid (the oneness of God) that isn't tainted with any Shirk and this is why the Almighty has introduced Prophet Abraham as a true ...
  • Why hasn’t Imam Ali (a.s.) been mentioned in the Holy Quran?
    59606 Exegesis 2008/05/11
    One should be aware that although the imam’s names, )especially Imam Ali’s(, haven’t been mentioned in the Quran, nevertheless, their names, )especially Imam Ali’s(, can be found in the Prophet’s sayings. One very good example is the hadith of Ghadir which is considered the official announcement of the appointment of ...
  • Is lobster, clam, oyster and octopus halal?
    56728 Laws and Jurisprudence 2012/02/18
    Eating lobster, clam, oyster and octopus is haram. According to religious resources regarding halal and haram meat, there are general rulings and numerous standards; for instance, a set of rulings has been given for land animals, sea creatures, birds and so on.The condition for halal meat sea ...
  • What is meant by Sidratul-Muntaha that the Quran has mentioned?
    45496 Exegesis 2010/04/07
    This question doesn’t have a brief answer. Please click on the detailed answer. ...
  • How do you prove that Imam Ali (as) was imam and khalifa after the Prophet (pbuh)?
    36396 Traditional 2008/07/21
    There is no doubt that in order for Islam to survive, it needs a keeper and guardian and individuals to deliver and express the teachings and guidelines of religion for the people, and carry them out. Since one of the reasons of creation is the ...
  • Why do we the Shia pray at three times while the Quran tells us to pray at five times?
    31840 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/08/14
    The reason the Shia perform their prayers in three times is the Quranic verses and traditions on the matter. Although the Quran has mentioned that prayer is wajib several times and hasn’t gone into the details, it has spoken of its times: “Maintain the prayer from the sun's ...
  • What are the rewards and benefits of wearing rings with valuable stones on them?
    29927 Laws and Jurisprudence 2008/08/20
    Wearing a ring of aghigh, firoozah, yaqut and…is permissible for men and according to hadiths, wearing them has thawab and rewards, and wearing them in prayer causes one’s prayers to be of higher virtue and of more rewards, given that the ring isn’t made of gold (for men ...
  • Which animals and insects have been named in the Quran?
    29908 Exegesis 2009/12/16
    Approximately 35 animals have been named in the Quran; the birds and insects of which are:Salwa (سلوی)=The quail (Baqarah:57), Ba’uth (بعوض)=Mosquito (Baqarah:26), Dhubab (ذباب)=Fly (Hajj:73), Nahl (نحل)=Honeybee (Nahl:68), Ankabut (عنکبوت)=Spider (Ankabut:41), Jarad (جراد)=Grasshopper (A’raf:133), HudHud (هدهد)=Hoopoe (Naml:20), Ghurab (غراب)=Crow (Ma’idah:31), Ababil (ابابیل)= probably ‘Swallow’ (Fil:3), Naml (نمل)=Ant ...
  • What is the Maqam Ibrahim? What is its purpose?
    28427 Traditional 2010/02/14
    One of the clear signs in Makkah (as a verse in the Quran tells us) is the Maqam Ibrahim where Prophet Ibrahim stood.Regarding the meaning and interpretation of “Maqam Ibrahim”, some believe that it is equal to all of Hajj. Others ...