Advanced search
Last Updated: 2008/11/22
Summary of question
What is God’s reason for creating man?
What is God’s reason for creating man?
Concise answer

a) His ability to create called for Him to create.

b) The order of creation is one based on aim and wisdom.

c) The ultimate goal and aim of creating all things, is the emergence of man; the reason being that everything has been created for his purpose and he is the most noble of all creatures, as his creator is the most noble of all creators.

d) Since God (swt) is the Transcendent and All-Sufficient, being of no need to anything or anyone whatsoever, the purpose of creation, regardless of what it is, is surely only to the benefit of man himself.

e) The main purpose of creating man, is for him to reach the climax of perfection, true prosperity and salvation, and to find way to the realm of Malakut; all of which can only be accomplished through acquaintance, knowledge, servitude and worship that comes from awareness towards the Lord.

Detailed Answer

It has been proven that each and every one of Allah’s (swt) names and qualities, both the ones that are one with His essence (as a result of the “simplicity” of his existence), such as His knowledge, power, eternity, ownership and authority, and the ones that have to do with what He does (such as lordship, being the nurturer of all, creatorship, mercy and will) which are also known as His “qualities of action”, are all qualities that He possesses in which He is continuously bestowing His grace and mercy through. One of those qualities, which is the quality of creatorship, calls for Him to continuously create, for “Every day He is engaged in some work.”[1]

Another matter that must be paid attention to is that Allah (swt) is the All-Wise and none of His actions are pointless, therefore it can be concluded that the order of creation has no defects and is one with aims and goals; aims that are in line with high divine goals.

According to the Quran, the creator of all creatures didn’t create them in falseness and neither as a means of play and entertainment, but His creation was on a basis of truth and even the smallest particles in this world are following an important goal and none of them are idle and pointless.

Of course, it must be noted that the main and ultimate goal for all of creation, was the creation of man and to be frank, Allah (swt) created everything in order to create man, and that is the meaning of being the most noble of all creatures. The same goes with man’s creator; He is the most noble of all creators, because there is no one like Him in the entire universe. In a “qudsi” hadith it has been stated: “Oh son of Adam, I have created everything for you and created you for myself.”[2]

Having mentioned these few introductory points, we will begin the main discussion:

No matter what the purpose of creation is, one thing is for sure, and that is that it is solely to the benefit of man himself, not to the benefit of Allah (swt), for he is the All-Sufficient and Transcendent and it is man and all other creatures who are in true need of Him.

“O mankind! You are the ones who stand in need of Allah, and Allah He is the All-sufficient, the All-laudable”[3]

“And Moses said," Should you be faithless you and everyone on the earth, all together indeed Allah is all-sufficient, all-laudable.”[4]

In his famous sermon of Hamam, Imam Ali (as) says: “Allah the Immaculate was in no need of the obedience and servitude of His servants when creating them and was immune to their disobedience, because the sinning of sinners does Him no harm and the obedience of the obedient does Him no good or benefit[5] (and the true reason for why He has ordered everyone to obey Him and forbidden them from disobedience, is their own benefit).

Concerning the goal behind man’s creation, various statements can be found in the Quran, each pointing to one of the dimension’s of this goal; verses such as: “I did not create the jinn and the humans except that they may worship Me”[6], “He, who created death and life that He may test you [to see] which of you is best in his/her actions”[7](a test mixed with growth and training, resulting in man’s development and perfection), and “Had your Lord wished, He would have made mankind one community; but they continue to differ, except those on whom your Lord has mercy and that is why He created them”[8]. As you can see, the common word that can be found in all of these statements and others is the growth, development and perfection of man. Therefore one can conclude that the main purpose and final goal for the creation of man, is for him to reach the peak of perfection and salvation and to obtain the highest human qualities, which all depend on his knowledge, servitude and worship of Allah (swt) mixed with his insight on Allah’s (swt) high rank and that it is He who is the only one who deserves to be worshipped, for “Ubudiyyah (the servitude/worship of Allah (swt)) is a valuable gem whose inside is rububiyyah (lordship).”[9], and whosoever possesses this rububiyyah, will have dominion over all things other than Allah (swt).

In a hadith by Imam Sadiq (as) we read that: “Imam Husein (as) approached his companions and said: “Allah (swt) the immaculate didn’t created His servants except for them to know Him, when they know Him, they worship Him, and when they worship Him, they become free of worshipping anyone other than Him.”[10]

[1] Rahman:29.

[2]یابن آدم خلقت الاشیاء لأجلک و خلقتک لأجلیAl-Manhajul-Qawi, vol.5, pg.516; Ilmul-Yaqin, vol.1, pg.381.

[3] Fatir:15.

[4] Ibrahim:8.

[5]اما بعد ، فإن الله سبحانه و تعالی خلق الخلق حین خلقهم غنیاً عن طاعتهم ، آمناً من معصیتهم ، لأنه لاتضره معصیة من عصاه ، و لاتنفعه طاعة من أطاعه” Nahjul-Balaghah, Sermon of Hamam.

[6] Dhariyat:56.

[7] Mulk:2.

[8] Hud:118-119.

[9]العبودیة جوهرة کنهها الربوبیة" Misbahul-Shari’ah fi Haqiqatil-Ubudiyyah.

[10]ان الله عزوجل ما خلق العباد الا لیعرفوه، فإذا عرفوه عبدوه، فإذا عبدوه استغنوا بعبادته عن عبادة من سواهIlalul-Sharaye’, quoted by Al-Mizan, vol.18, pg.423.

Question translations in other languages
Number of comments 0
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Thematic Category

Random questions

  • Who are the infallibles (ma’sum)?
    7160 Traditional 2008/08/23
    Infallibility is a spiritual power and inner virtue that restrains one from even imagining and thinking of sinning, let alone committing sin and in Islamic terms, means for one to be protected from sin, mistake and forgetfulness.Infallibility can be divided into ...
  • If the imams are essentially infallible, can we follow them as role models?
    6178 عصمت 2015/05/03
    This question emanates from incorrect notion about the concept of infallibility that considers it something mandatory and gifted by God without a cause or reason. Obviously, if we are to consider infallibility as something forced, then we would consider the infallibles as people lacking free will and ...
  • Is it possible for a human to get married with a jinn?
    6817 Laws and Jurisprudence 2009/07/19
    Thank you for your question. First of all, it should be kept in mind that knowing the answer to such questions has no effect on our lives. There is no spiritual or material benefit for knowing these things. Secondly, although it is possible for ...
  • Why is a child that has been born from a temporary marriage given to the father?
    14701 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/09/05
    Temporary marriage is an easy and simple marriage for people that can’t practice permanent marriage, legitimized by God for a number of reasons, one of which is to prevent fornication and sexual corruption. Consequently, God has excluded a few of the rulings and conditions required in permanent marriage ...
  • What is Shirk?
    34269 Traditional 2007/01/21
    Literally, shirk means to allocate; technically, in Quranic terminology, shirk – in contrast to hanif – signifies the process of allocating someone/thing as the Almighty Allah’s partner or equal. Hanif means being inclined towards righteousness and moderation; hence, the term has been coined onto those who have disassociated themselves from ...
  • What does Islam say about life on other planets?
    22054 Exegesis 2007/02/22
                Man has always pondered the thought of whether or not there are other living organisms or intelligent life forms in other galaxies or on other planets; however a definite answer has yet to be found.
  • What is Islam’s ruling on listening to music?
    13374 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/11/21
    Music is essentially sound, and watching it (without listening) has no ruling; the only ruling there is, has to do with producing and the sale of instruments, teaching and learning, playing, and listening to it. Most scholars consider listening to and producing lahwi music to be haram and ...
  • How was the Holy Quran compiled?
    16168 Quranic Studies 2012/04/21
    According to the history of the compilation of the Quran, the Prophet (s) himself chose the verses where to be placed. It was not the companions who arranged the verses or the number of the chapters. The Quran, which is presently in our hands and which is ...
  • Who are the Ismaeili Bahreh Shias and what do they believe in?
    7591 تاريخ بزرگان 2010/04/19
    The "Bahreh Davoodis" are a branch of the "Ismaili" sect. The "Ismailis" believe Ismail, the son of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) which passed away during his father's lifetime, to be the seventh Imam. The followers of this sect have unique beliefs that we will explain in the detailed ...
  • What are the effects of contentment on our lives and how do we distinguish it from stinginess?
    43285 Practical 2012/05/14
    Contentment has been defined as a resting of the mind without craving something else. The word “qana’ah” which is the Arabic equivalent for contentment has been used to refer to satisfaction and happiness in an absolute and unrestricted way. As for the difference between contentment and stinginess, ...