Advanced search
Last Updated: 2006/08/30
Summary of question
What is the ruling on listening to modern revolutionary rap music?
Is it haram to listen to various styles of revolutionary music? Because there is and Iranian brother I know who likes to listen to old Iranian war songs and other revolutionary music, but when I listen to modern-day revolutionary rap music, he says its haram. Please explain?
Concise answer

Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Khamenehie:

Any type of mutrib[1] music which befits carouse gatherings is haram.


Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani:

Any type of mutrib music which befits carouse gatherings is haram. In any other instance then there is no problem, and the place from which it is broadcasted does not affect the ruling.


Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Behjat:

            If music is mutrib then hearing, buying and selling it is haram.


Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Safi Gulpaygani:

            That which the common culture recognizes as music is haram, and listening, composing, teaching, learning, and selling musical instruments is also haram.


Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi:

            Any melodies or songs which befit libidinous pleasure and corruption are haram, and anything other than that is halal. This is distinguished by referring to the public common culture.


Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Tabrizi:

            Listening to music which befits gatherings of revelry is not permissible. It is also not permissible to make, teach, buy or sell frivolous musical instruments.


Hazrat Grand Ayatollah Sistani:

            If music does not befit frivolous gatherings, then it is not haram. Therefore, listening to songs and mutrib music which befits frivolous gatherings is haram.[2]



            Distinguishing whether or not a specific music such as rap music is a type of instance or applicability of haram or halal, is the responsibility of each individual.[3] Because, any individual that has even a concise understanding of music can differentiate between music that is mutrib and befits frivolous gatherings and music that is not like that. Therefore, even if revolutionary or war songs are mutrib and befit frivolous gathering then listening to that type of music will also be haram.

Rap music is no acception to this rule, and if it were to fall under the category of mutrib and befitting carouse gatherings then it also would be haram.


Of course the reason why mutrib music that befits frivolous gatherings is haram is another topic. In general it can be said that divine laws are based on divine knowledge and wisdom and the benefits and indecencies of every ruling has been explained and established, and no one other than Allah, The Most High has complete awareness of them. The knowledge which is at man’s disposal is the correlated laws and some of their wisdom and philosophies. In the case of music it can be said that any collection of factors which impede staying on the right path, higher spirituality, a calm and balanced lifestyle and reflection, or that cause nervousness, psychological apprehension, deficiency of the mind, impulsive gratification, artificial stimulation and desire, and cause dissociation with the realities of life are prohibited. Particularly, the side effects and illnesses caused by listening to fast and impulsive music that is associated with frivolous gatherings. Many books and articles have been written on this topic, one titled "The effect of music on the psyche and nerves", which can be referred to and read for more information. Carouse gatherings which incorporate frivolous and mutrib music, have many other negative affects, but here we will not initiate those discussions.

[1] Meaning: to cause impulsive movement

[2] New Issues from the Scholars and Legal Authorities' Viewpoint – Sayyid Muhsin Mahmoudi – Vol.1 Pg.53 &54

3 For more information on the reasons and philosophy behind why frivolous music is haram: The Reasons Why Frivolous Music is Haram

Question translations in other languages
Number of comments 0
Please enter the value
Example : Yourname@YourDomane.ext
Please enter the value
Please enter the value

Thematic Category

Random questions

  • Who are the infallibles (ma’sum)?
    7160 Traditional 2008/08/23
    Infallibility is a spiritual power and inner virtue that restrains one from even imagining and thinking of sinning, let alone committing sin and in Islamic terms, means for one to be protected from sin, mistake and forgetfulness.Infallibility can be divided into ...
  • If the imams are essentially infallible, can we follow them as role models?
    6178 عصمت 2015/05/03
    This question emanates from incorrect notion about the concept of infallibility that considers it something mandatory and gifted by God without a cause or reason. Obviously, if we are to consider infallibility as something forced, then we would consider the infallibles as people lacking free will and ...
  • Is it possible for a human to get married with a jinn?
    6817 Laws and Jurisprudence 2009/07/19
    Thank you for your question. First of all, it should be kept in mind that knowing the answer to such questions has no effect on our lives. There is no spiritual or material benefit for knowing these things. Secondly, although it is possible for ...
  • Why is a child that has been born from a temporary marriage given to the father?
    14701 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/09/05
    Temporary marriage is an easy and simple marriage for people that can’t practice permanent marriage, legitimized by God for a number of reasons, one of which is to prevent fornication and sexual corruption. Consequently, God has excluded a few of the rulings and conditions required in permanent marriage ...
  • What is Shirk?
    34269 Traditional 2007/01/21
    Literally, shirk means to allocate; technically, in Quranic terminology, shirk – in contrast to hanif – signifies the process of allocating someone/thing as the Almighty Allah’s partner or equal. Hanif means being inclined towards righteousness and moderation; hence, the term has been coined onto those who have disassociated themselves from ...
  • What does Islam say about life on other planets?
    22054 Exegesis 2007/02/22
                Man has always pondered the thought of whether or not there are other living organisms or intelligent life forms in other galaxies or on other planets; however a definite answer has yet to be found.
  • What is Islam’s ruling on listening to music?
    13374 Laws and Jurisprudence 2010/11/21
    Music is essentially sound, and watching it (without listening) has no ruling; the only ruling there is, has to do with producing and the sale of instruments, teaching and learning, playing, and listening to it. Most scholars consider listening to and producing lahwi music to be haram and ...
  • How was the Holy Quran compiled?
    16168 Quranic Studies 2012/04/21
    According to the history of the compilation of the Quran, the Prophet (s) himself chose the verses where to be placed. It was not the companions who arranged the verses or the number of the chapters. The Quran, which is presently in our hands and which is ...
  • Who are the Ismaeili Bahreh Shias and what do they believe in?
    7591 تاريخ بزرگان 2010/04/19
    The "Bahreh Davoodis" are a branch of the "Ismaili" sect. The "Ismailis" believe Ismail, the son of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) which passed away during his father's lifetime, to be the seventh Imam. The followers of this sect have unique beliefs that we will explain in the detailed ...
  • What are the effects of contentment on our lives and how do we distinguish it from stinginess?
    43285 Practical 2012/05/14
    Contentment has been defined as a resting of the mind without craving something else. The word “qana’ah” which is the Arabic equivalent for contentment has been used to refer to satisfaction and happiness in an absolute and unrestricted way. As for the difference between contentment and stinginess, ...